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Full text of "Annual Reports of the Superintendents of the Yellowstone National Park, 1923"

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Anteloixu.. •• ••••••••• •••• 89 

Auto IteJIgi • • 84 


Boarc ••.•••••.•••••••••••••••••«•.••.•••• GC 

Boevor... CO 

Beautiful Chf\.el In use............ ••••••••••••••••••• 13 

Beohler 1 Ivor -Airvey.......... ••••••••••«. •••••••••••• 

BIivIg.. ........... ...... .50 

Utiffnlo • 

Tbne iercl..... ••...•••••••.••••• • 99 

lid er • • •• 37 

I* -i falo RqucIi I ...... o. ....... ...... ......... 


Construct ion of B-.lMi c^. ................ ............ P.2 

- u£ ••••.••*•••»•••••••••••••• 29 

Cor.. oils & Guard Mis •••••••• 80 

Cooperation rl ; ^alsatlons 

-.' ■■ .-• •: c ' \xrp 

T ..'••"" ' -i 1 : ■.-... ry 51 

Oureru of Jntonolor-y. ••••••••••••••••••.••••• ••••••• ' 

Buroau o:' : 

Jo -.i. . v " - ■ ■ -ce 

Coast of kt( \:*voy. •••.. •••••• • 

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Conorr: Ice ••••••••• • 

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C nart^cy *t Klndneno f cce~oful ••••Oil...... 3 


Deer ^ 

•d-;> -fork vantiy extended.. ...... ..•••••••••••• 11 

fegl&MTiBg DfrpartRflQt... •••••••••••••..••••.. <3C 

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Fish -*ianri!i >•.•»..» •••••••••«•••«••••••••* ••**•••• M 

Ptrndr. for J'-sr©»? ▼<?!*:•* e.. # . a . ••••••«. •♦••■»• 5 

Onw C nditicns ..♦...». ..... ...... 91 

GCn .t.M„,.,MM«MM»ll IMMMMI 14 

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Guide -cvilcs, »••••••••••••••.•••.*••••• LI 


. lanch u;x? re t i onr. ............................... . 

tjotmrd LI Sq i.: '.i xa... •••»••••••••••••*••• 

Hfwm Uoa Dspertrwnfc 'JO 

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stars*... ••••••••••»••••••••*•••••••••••••••.. •••••• 44 

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C*ft«S • 40 

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^sre\anfco »••« .♦«.. ••.... U. 

Ulaoalltneouc '.. gcova •■> ■ ., ...*.....,••••. ••••••••••••• 

UMBO ••••••»••••«••••.........••••« « • « a ••••••••••• g • 

Itofjiltn Gtmxrti* ***•* .... ..*. «••••••••••••••••••« »-« 

ttoantnln CllrMiv*. . . •• • •••• M 

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M»ti - d Mi tarfl«l .\c~i\l *ic3..... ....•••• *>i 

'lew Sor- 1 C-.j:.- .•»•.••«,•••........•••.•••••••. 88 


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nA ami 10 

Hal. & iJXeUimy to • 17 

ReOv*itf>id • ••• • m 

Raeerd Brmrlic y«ar i rk. •••••••••> 

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paning & !laint<vT»r-oe ••...••• ••••• :'3 

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Ifeton ' Jur.fc -I;-.- 'till lack us****. *?«••••*•• IS 

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2Vavnl rnnchoo urr>r c-&ent ..••••••••••••••••• 4 

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itoooo. ..* * * * ■ • 37 

Wild Llfo of SalliOrotCM iksve ...••••• • 

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Yellowstone Hand Conri r 1..... 7 

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hu. an and historical a^pucts of the . , reco ved national circulation 
Ifcrough tho nov/s association bureaus in New York, as did also no s photographs. 
i story describing the buffalo herders of the perk .as used by ovt-r f <ur hundred 
ne. spapers. 

Cli j pings froia every section of the country reve' led national pride la 
like Yellowstone Park and ■ genuine iiter^.t in VhS . Pictures of c 

In natural phenomena were widely used. The tremendous develop x-nc ;f i lent 

tut • bile travel gave particular velue to ■rtieles c ing travel sta- 

tistics and goneral information about roads and c> 

iSditorial artialss frora every section of the country reflected a general 
determination that the Ye llo stone rark should bo preserved Against any con* 
asrcial encroachment. Ihere was wide solicitude for tho rk 

animals, parcicul rly the antolo;e. 'Ino editorial attitude towi rd the ^-ark 
tas in ever- Seat fri. i.dly. 

2ie Livingston Enterprise, a well edited daily published at the 
?a-e.v- city, Livlr. -ston, Montana, is-med a Yellowstone Dr.ily 1 .: it Edition 
■fcich c rtod the park news as well as full a r n 

Ms paper erforr.ed a renl jublic service and was much appreci ted. 

General J>tato.»nt 

Ye llo. 3 tone National Pari M »0tabll hod I, 1872 (Ujos. 2474 

Bid 2475, R. S. or 17 Jtat., 52). It was the first national ..ark to be 
ietablished in the norld and is our la «rk. Its area is S34C square 

dies, jr 2,142,720 acres, of which 3,114 square .lies, or 1,992,860 acres 
ire in 7/yomi.ig; 198 square miles, or 126,7.'i0 acres, are i .a; and 


36 square miles, or 23,040 acres are in Idaho. The ;rigi/.al b undaries 
of t'i e park are still intact, but it is prop-.sod to add appr >xi • t<. 
800,000 acres of adjoining GoTirnor.t lands to the perk, .-.oat of these 
lands lying at the hend.aters of tho Lamar River, nt the he -a of 

the Yellowstone, and in the Ifcton fountain region, ftiere are no 
private holdings in Yellowstone hark. The United States Gov n t as 
retained and always excerised exclusive jurisdiction over the park area. 

ftie park or^anizcivi.m and its vari us functions remained the sane 
during 1923 as last year. 

Important Facts of 1923 Operations 

1. The late ^resident .arren G. Hardi.ig, with a orty of over 
seventy distinguished ..en and woman, enrjute to Alaska, visited the 
park June 30 and July 1. 

2. A Con£re3si mal party on inspection of Govern ent activities 
in the .'est, headed by United States Senator Frs ! cis Hi. arren, vi: itod 
the park June 22-24, inclusive. Later, throe united States Senators 
and sixteen Congressmen of the Six ,y-sc-venth and Sixty-oi p.hth Congress, 
tourod the Yello stone. 

3. Irevel to the ;ark reached unprecedented figures. 138,352 
visitors as compered vita 98,223 last year, and Increase of 40,129 or 
41 percent, 

4. For tho current fiscal year ark revenues will raaaa a total 
of $205,000, or about ^82,000 over the recoi ta of tha 19.*h fl cal 
year, while appropriations for this y ar o cooded thooe of last by on 





5. Under excellent care of the r ;-er-. ice and In a rirter 
generally favorable to wild life, the animals of the park suffered 
very little and losses :ere negligible. A census of the ■alaalfl this 
I ring showed gratVfying ir-cr rsos in all s.ocies. 

6. Congress granted authority to dispone of surplus buffalo, 
(oee the appro print ion Act of January 24, 19:. 3 h-iln). 

7. Service to the public was better an ever before excopt in 
the oaae of the 'Irensporte.tion line. OqbbII e.".ts on service vera 
nur-jerous and especially with regard to co .rtosy, kindness and spirit 
of .el. .fulness that arked activities of the National Park 3erviee« 

8. Excellent psogreea as made in developing public automobile 
ca: p grounds; also c isiderr.ble extension of hotel and penoanent ca 
facilities, tntlnJtlng erec.i d of great central building at Uaraioth Canp 
costing nearly -.,100,000. Transportation fee liti vod inadequate and 
man. I cars were brought in, thus greatly lo lal hi 

rd of service. 

9. Excellent .ork on re nerved roads from des- 
ction under heavy traffic. All tra'ls in splendid re -air. Some new 

trails built. 

10. Qi July 2? cloudbursts daiaged the rv Li , parti c ■ Cody 
road to the extant of v 27,700. 

11. All records for . g harvest sj: I fieh hate: Lng and la ting 
were broken. 

Octobo: was warn and suns iny, v/lth practically no precipitation. 


Snow hall IT rencrMbly late la the fall, the first . a suratle aircunt 
occurring October 28, there bei: • bit on© year of record with a lator 
occcrrr ce of the first nsaaaiaala aiount of snowfall, November v;aa a 
nor* e"i I t Irat ara art of Daaaabar aaa aanaually severe and 

stomy, wH'.o the la t tar part wan a 4, which o ion 

tinued until the C I .ye of January, whon the colde- 

of the wir.ter bo.-^n, culminouiu' on Februarv ha sevcro cold wave, 

the lowest te aturc at liar at Springs b<-. 6° below zero. At 

Riverside 42 below zero was received February 9. lair , r n a,- ■ Av 

did not de: art greatly fron the aw arag a of past y - re, but June waa 
consists tly cool :.ith almost un\>r cod ..ted frequency of al and 

thunderstorms. July was the ./or est .ionth of toe ast fo r y nro. ,n 
July 20 a r.xi an te parature of B9° -aa recorded at Nan oth. Biia, vdth 
the exception of 91 on July 10, 1919, is tba highest te iparatura roc rdod 
in any :onth during the past 20 years. Hio ^ci of - . od 

August ];i, a iaxi uo t. ■■-..■oraturo of 88° at c-j; oth, rid oh equals 
the hiphost of record for *lfp~1 in tba >aat years. In tht. aftarnooa 
attfl evening of July ?.: a laTa r a local st oxa crossed the ark in an 
easterly directioi , eccor.roanied by a heavy dowap ur of rnin, which caused 
nuch da-na^o to the roads at a number of places. 

Railroads and I ark Qe 

Four railroads carried ocseengers to ark "ataways Ing the 

season. rhs >>>rthern I , with I - al at Gardner, .'.'ontana, the 

northern rate-ray, o.->rated two trains daily over its branch line frco 


Li>i ■•-'„..., c . . - - , St. Pan , St* . o La g Bad 

i>ua .. , ■! Bafftlaaii I ktla* the YcI.lcw- 

::u Conet, a ao.iid oillraan train from Chicago to the . i*be 

ta&oa Baa '■am apasvtad its Veil: i aan s&lt Lake 

Ottj and '.-est Yoliov.sto: i aaataia gatto , each flay of fcha ^: f jjun. 

Also daylight treina, calLed the failawatOBa faptaaa, to tvsen '-'ocetello 
Mild Stest! e, aavt .>?rafcod by the Dtaloa aeific, aoaaaatiag at 
Haaatal In vifch trains fr-cat -St. Louis, Denver, and Portland, 

'Aie Chicago, Burii net. u ar . ' , . ,. Lroa4 >paratad three 
tret.. I i I Ooc.y, the ay toaili - .2 carried 

sleepers fro:a eastern arid southern points. 

The - rth Western SfeLlroai o$x oaa train 

from Leader, I , day, ahlah 

'rain prriv;d |a the Vfaalaf an a v, ted la W The Landcr- 

Yellev-stone Trans ;>_r tat i n Company, bagtnnlag June 25, ~ ■'-, o -evsted 
odard aatj • Lay he^ ran, taking a 

• ar.A a hfl . I - -."■•'-:.«. 

jnauvtfci tan, , i ts tra sTarred to t 

Yollo. stone Pari: frana 'i n C -Jike Ho 

Lake Car^ , "ad in t&4 nftorncon of the second 

day fron Lander. 

m •na oarli >ar, tut Beveral 

ajpguaaftj iva::s were tnpi T«d, 1 Lon of 

t)ie ZelloTTutone-Aahton road. 

Railroad and Other Publicity 

fct public utilities of the ark 00 aking 

ava ; labia the services of an o^tre ely able writer, Mr. H. '.7, Frantz, 
to handle park publicity, and Mr. J. E. liaynes, the official photog- 
rapher, rendered invaluable aid in or vidi: ba and doing 
phot > graphic work. 

Before the spaaing of the season the publicity representative es- 
tablished direct cout^ct ith the forocu-t press aponcie;; a?id 
picture distribute. I aniea in America, and as a result an ex- 
ceptionally wide distribution of park publicity Material as secured 
throu ;hov.t the sepson. Besides vnriouo spociol articles written to 
. ieot the needs of particular services nu ow j stut t-e broad- 

casted to ark nailing lists, incliding f ore 1 . t ne spa ers in all 
3ectio:ia of she country. 

The vi3it of Resident Harding and his of Lelal party afforded an 
exceptional opportunity for laci: - at rial of every character 
regrdin the ..ark. Prior to the arrival of the arty several state- 
ecial articles of a ' istorical character .ere distributed. 
Flic person: el ef Lcial arty in I irSc included nearly twenty- 

five ne _ /spa er an and half a dozen press phot ers. ISenoranda 

rinc every phase of .ark activ ties ere furnished for ti eir 
inf sr ation and convenio co. 

The pub licit, and advert ^inj departments of the railroads, 
particularly the Ziorthern ac^ f c, Burlington Route and J i <n -acific, 


have soadi cted sattai u ive prs m Co s, besides issuing numerous 

beautifully illu:->;:vtod booklets and foldoro. photographic eter: 
sent rat by them has been ./idely used. The Chic -go and Nor arn 

Railroad, the Rock Island Line and the i^envor and Rio Grande eastern 
Railr-ad issued ne.v a- very attractive folders on the Yellowstone . 

Travel in 1923 

B is year 138,552 psople visited the park an c n.ared with 9i , 
last year, and an increase of <0,129. 

I^iere wrs an increase in rail travel this year of 11,448 over 
last year. The western entro ce shows an increase of 6,021 by rail; 
the northern entrance 5,256, and the eastern entrance 2,103; 

167 in via the or ■ it irn a ■ All antra coo 

shoved an increase in autonobi\e travel; 5,478 at the oast] 10,404 
at the north; 4,095 at the west; and 8,982 at tlie south. 

The ..e-t entrance c ntiaues to load in rail travel, while the 
Gerdi .er, or northern SBtr ■. cc, leads this year as the u. a* 

favorite gateway. 

The largest nuiber of park entrants regiatured in a si gle day 
in the fcist ry of the -)ark woo 2859 on August 7th. Con/are thio with 
the high f lgure of last year, 1,933 oa July 23rd, and 1,659 on 
8, LtSI. The henviest train travel arriving at a single geterray was 
574 at ~/ e ct lallovstona by the Union acific Syotesi on August 7th. It io 
interesting to note that during the iason tier 

with vor 2000 visitors entering the parka 

Thoru as an increase of 28,959 in .otor travel over lM3t ye«r. 
Vhe heaviest; -iotor travel at i>ark gatefrays on one day waa 47b 
aut iriobiles carrying 162b tourists n J ly 17th, compared .:1th bbV 
autonobiies carrying 1,181 tourists on August 7th, lt>22. $» southern, 
or Snake River entr<- ce, en; yed the 1 tor travel for a sJ« 

day on July 29th, when 177 enri; enr; 00 people entered the park. 

It is esti m ted that each day between July 80th and August 1 . . t 
there wr>3 an average of 10, "00 people in the ark. practically tve 
of the visit re to the :ark --rere not irlstl In their own cars, most of 
whom camped out and carried their own equipMont. Visitors represented 
every State in the Union except Delaare. Ale, ska, Philippine Islands, 
Ifemaii and the Pans a Canal ^one rrero also represo ted. Among the 
foreign visitors ere citizens of England and 7 other countries belong: 
to the British Sapire and nany other foreign countries including Belgi 
C. ina, Cuba, Denmark, France, Germany, Holland, Japan, Mexico, Poland, 
.jvreden, Switzerland. Also several ocrantriei of South America, 




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Trail Trips 

Bei ig particularly inter© >ted i;. the uao of traj Is 1 am glad 
to re> r; M3T* extensive u;e ol.' ^a S ao'n tivi lu for t.:e seneon 

Juat closed than the park tafl onjoyed hor t . '< re. Tho lrrjeJt parties 
on the trails were: The Valley Kane?) ;, artio.«;, ox.o of .hich conyiat<?d 
of 69 £Lrls atteuii gh 3ch >ol and collegt in the £ast, and the 

Otba* i ■■eluding 57 bays* The '•rello.vstone Park Camps C-.:m;any cored 
for a trcil party ifeM covore? the principal joints of in 
the park via the Hwartl Sat on 'Vail. The outfit of this party whs 
similar to the ojie used by the late Ibar-1 iSaton. C. C. *.5o'a % e # of 
Dubois, Vyaaii^, a^ain btrooght la e party of ..d co\ .at of 

the trails. The Rvalria Club, of Chicago, sent i:early -rG of its ne.-.bors 
to the perk. They 3peut ttu , inclusive, Vre, travel- 

ing from one cancer of ir.tere.-st to another via automobile, and fron 
each center, srich a ax • -.anent camp us a tase, hiked over all radia: 
troila. They al«o c ;ver-^d the grasshopper SLaOlo aoontry* 

Froie the University cf Chicago, Dr. Gso. D. I brought 

students of Botany, vho with Camp Roosevelt ee a b :se a e .iany »alk- 
ii.g trips on the trails. Li'- e«. ■ :*e, from Sarlhsm Callage, Dr. A. D. 
Hole, >f the Bepurti.iont of Geolot^y and Dr. I . o. Markol, Dopart ent 
of Bctr.ry, conducted a party of geology and botar.y stuionts, and rrith 
a base near the foot of the Gallatii.e, ccvered rjsny trails. 

L'ountain Cliirbing 

Of equal lataiaal to the aaa of the traila is the LnfoBBl 
that the 0. • rv-t m *na clinb. c. this year fcr the first tias si 


1898. Dr. Alb-rt £Llingwuod, of Lake Forest, Illinois, and Uiam 
Eleanor Davis, of Colorado, members of the Colorado I.'ountain Club, 
aace ded the mountain on August 27th. Two days before this ascent 
three students from the University of Montana - Quinn Blackburn, 
Andy de liana and B. F. Delap, Made the ascent. The Grand Poton 
is 13,747 feet in altitude and was climbed the first tine in 1072 
by Mr. N. P« Lanrf 3rd, first superintendent of the Yello at. ne, and 
Capt. James Jtevenson, a geologist and ue ber of the 1S72 Ilayden 
Survey. It was climbed a-;ain in 1898 by Rev. F. Spaaldi- g, of Erie, 
Pennsylvania, and Messrs. . 0. Ovren, Frank Peterson and John Sl.ivos, 
of VTyoming, 

National Park Service Activities 
Work of the national Park Service relates to administration, 
.rotection, and maintenance of the park and its i , c .n- 

st^^ ction of new iapr Yements, supervision of the public utilities 
and individual o eratoro and a wide range of miscellaneous i.^attors. 
There nre 356 miles of roads in the park, 810 miles of trails, be- 
sides yeveral hundred miles of game trails used by range -e on petrol; 
283 miles of telephone Ires; approxinately 100 buildi;. /,:., including 
Fort Yello.etone, a p'ant oxth in excess of $1,000,000; a large 
amount of machinery and equipment; p>.?er plant; trator system; 9 
highly developed automobile camps and 40 aut sioblle camps of wliich 
development has started; the buffnlo ranch and three hey ranehes; els© 
eoveral ieol- ted hayfields. 





ArtrotP-lstrptiTe Department 

Headquarters OfTice^ taring the JMOt from eix to ei;_yit 
clerks wore eiaployed in the headquarters office on general coaes- 
pondence, files, personnel, purchasing, disbursing, tiue-koeping, 
:ai seel laneous financial niattors, inforsinti or; and a wide r- 
dutiea to this and to >t er -arks. Approxi ately 12,000 places of 
nail were received and 16,000 dispatched. 

Appropriations ; Appropriations nade available since the dute 
of the last report are as follows: 

Act ?urpo se Araount 

Jan. 24, 1923 Administration, Protection 

and Malntena ce 320,000 

" 24, 1923 rt ruction of Physical 

Lapro verce n ts 4:' .000 
3Gb. 000 

Revenues for 1023: Revenues collected during the 1922 :"iscal 

year fere as follov/s: 

Automobiles & Motorcycles 127,012,55 

Hote ., . C.-mpe 2C.799.44 

Transportation 36,342.97 

res 6,963.96 

Miscellaneous 3.421.10 

fetal 203, 1-10. 02 

All of tl-ose funds were de. >al ted to th aredlt tf :.ii.uellnneous 
receipts in the United States IreM :. . 

Revenues for the 1924 fiscnl year will anount to , )00- 



fearing the year the mnxi*r:iz number of employees on the payroll! 
was 109 appointees and 347 to- — y echnnice, aklll'id laborers, 
labours, etc., e total of 456 en July 31st. Ire l:-t .urn nu.ber of 

Icyees :r tie ;.yrcll occurred faring the . >nth of Febr • , 
:±an there* MM 66 appointees and 2 others on the rr 

ineering Depart lent 
Park e >v in c: . : , one assistant. Laot autumn the 

I3ec .ler River survey was ecopleted. The winter was spent by 
engineers in working up notes on this survey, risking :k: . , f 

plans, etd. Phey also prepared c.-jprehensive rep -rta on future 
construction work in the perk, and developed plans for the 1923 

Ro ad .-'poning and Maintenance: The spring was late in opening 
and in order to gain access to the Lake Hotel to continue ac- 

tion of the annex, the Hotel Company ';ald the ox.>en3es of operating 
the caterpillar snowplow. The plow .'eft headquarters on A^ril 18th t 
reached IJorria May 4th, Canyon on the 8th, and the Lake on the 18th. 
Ro3ds to "est Yello-rUone md Old Faithful opened on )Iay 8th. Other 
roads were opened as follows: V.'est Gallatin, June 10th; Contina. tal 
Divide June 12th; Sylvan Pass June 14th; Dunraven -ass June „2nd; 
South en June 24th; South side Mt# Washburn June 25th, no: 

Bide Jul" 7th. 

Dttrl ie ark season 25 road canps were operated, from which 

each crew maintained an average of 14 iiilos of road. One 





tv.«enty«-five m and forly-sovon ./are aupi ir a «rloi 

of appro xicK.tely thro* .iwithB. In add >io.. to the road malntuiia -co 
work tfienty-aeveu uen and Shia .y-fivo teaius ware required to 

MMta 1 the sprinkling 1 13 itt . One hundred and seven .dies of rood 
waa sprirtkJed twice daily tarlBg Mm soauon. 

Road I: -.??- ; ve: ie r;t s : A tvrenty-five .-ian crow worked all season 
making general 1 1] 9 went* to road in the vi- of Box 

Junction. At oeverai places the roadway was widened on curves by 
blasting off sharp rock point*] one at Boavor Lake, two b<twoen the 
14 and 15 mile posts, and two between the 18 and 19 mile posts on 
the -laairjoth- Morris Road, oas at Virginia Cascades and another on 
Blandin/j Ilill on the Sorris-Canyon Road. Pho 1 > lis-., dison Junctl 
road has been fully ./.ravelled and rolled from IJorris Geyser Beain to 
the lower end of Gibbon I.jeado .-.*s . -Phis work of widening and gravel- 
ling will be continued doWB through the Gibbon Canyon. 

Itie rond thr ugh the Canyon was wid*.- *r a lat .ce 

of about 400 feot ot a place naar the 2 crile p >st from Gardiner, 
Seventeen hundred cubic y*rda of r :ck was blasted fr-a the 

t MM clii'fe abov tlie roadway, then placed on the embanJcnent with 
a steam shovel. 

The road through Golden G^te and across Swan Lake Flat was 
graveled in Jur. . re the ,f the &er. 

2 5 miles was nil graveled and 2 J miles all :htly gra *■-»:* v. 
grading and shaping, the grcvol was rolLed with a otoan roller* 

Const riction .alio aat Qfm • . • 1 m of 

masonry | , gMVi r.-u 1* was a o the Canyon aoctJLn 

this year, as th«re seanert to be ■ -roe; | piaco for i*ura 

adequate orotoction. Altogether 26&6 linoal feet of standard log 
t?uard rt.ile werw built, MO f et of" n'ljch was constructed on the 

iretlo t Roed end 1456 feet near the OhitTor.dan Bri' 

A nasonry wall was built to VtplaM core rotten log crihbl . The 
wall to I 384 feer ~in th© Canyon Arch trld^e; it cor.tal 

506 perch of nasor-ry and has an average t of 10 f • : . .lao <&6 feet 

of Log -uard rails were built .-. the : f 

MaBKoth tov*ard IV: er Falls. 

Construction of Building a : lj At the Lewis HiTor maintenance can. , 
there was b"ilt a log .'oese buildi: I 2o faet, and a Log ntnble 

16 x 30 feec. At Dunraven raas, a fNM barn with lop trin will b* 
built, and at Old Faithful, a tcaMi ter ranger quarters and 

■oner ness hall will be built Ihia sutiMu 

In the lacmoth aut r.obile can;>» e. ntnndird c fort station build- 
ing, 12 feet LMbM b was built ar. ^s 
installed; a ri -1 ^<-v b: Liing and the same size •: nation 
ras r\lso built for a lau< 

-ryor- a , four a fort , 

by °2 feet were cor let ?d read? for j bi . 'ere alao a nem 
water syater. M icted by ■'•- 

pertnentc, I forraer bu ' a 24,000 gallon concrete rewroir. Bill 

project is doccribed botlow wit' r canp clerelopnent work. 



1he old lover Fnll/3 nmgftr station will bo rebuilt ir :r. 

A now barn will bo built at ;his station. 

Construction of gejj /stoma; Old Faithful sewor systems were 
completed early in fee ■ .ring, end ait into coi-miasion. U: . new 

appropriation of ,25,000, a complete aev/er system aaJ diagonal 
are bein^ built to protect Laks Yellow- tone and its outlet river from 
pollution by sewage from the LpJo- Iiotol, Lake permanent camp, ranger 
station, auto camp, store, etc. Construction of the lroa 

the placi g of P.972 lineal feet of 8 inch pipe, 2389 lineal feet of 
6 inch pipe, 18 manholes, and a reinforced concrete sedi^entotion tank 
14 by 42 feet, *lth apparatus for sterilization of effluent. 

fcg Road Con3ti-uction: To eliminate the MHMlty for through 
travel passing by the Lake permanent carap, a new road one-half :iile in 
length was constructed alon^ the lake sh>/re. The road ay was .'."xaded 
28 feet . ide am Si faced 22 feet ..ide with -ravel. 

A new road 20 feet wide and 550 feet long was constructed at 
Manmoth permanent camp, to iHWmaflt with the Buffalo Corral road, 

1 -cellaneoua Improvements : Rock point blasted off at fixcelsior 
Geyser; road jridened for 100 foot; 75 cubic yards ezcavatod. 

An o :enin£ 30 inches wide w<-e cat in the dam on Glen Creek at 

the intake of the rater system, an gate placed to provide means for 

flu8' i::g the ^iv6r3i jn reservoir. 

lb provide a way to utilize the surplus wwter I reaervoir 

for the headquarters lawns a 9 inch hole was cut in the iv.rthweet 





corner of the reservoir and a r'ate valve placed to control the flow, 
350 feet of steel pipe waa laid to carry the water under the road. 

A c ncrete spillway was built to care for overflow weter at 
the reservoir. Yboden bridge there, replaced by a •»■ iron oilvert 
wit}> a concrete heed wall. Fill taade over culvert. 

Bechler River ov.rvey; Dorl opt ember and October 1922, a 
preliminary survey km nade for a proposed road to atort at Lor.e 91 
Junction, follow the Firehole River to its source, thence over the 

■.-vital Divide and down the Bechler River to the south b undary 
of the air!:, fhe length f the road was found to be e ntely 

M uileo. The su:-ve\' notes were computed in the office, from which a 
map and profile were; aqflli 

Sanitation Departraont 
This department, in charge of the a^tor p uiber, cooperated 
closely with the engine orlr.g department in oo'-otmction work. It also 
had constant aid and edvice of the U. 3. Public Health 3er: ;ora 

on duty here, including Mr. H. B. Honnon, in general chnrrre of all 
sanitation work In the national parks, end Mr. A. P. -iiller, detailed 
to Yellowstone again for 1x4 year of service here. 

Public Auto Caup At Ib-rc-r Falla, a new water ay a tan 
waa cor:, loted. "ater from Tower Creek is raiaed 130 feet thr<xigh 900 
feet of I 1 c ion ce-ent reservoir by a hydraulic 

i-e. By t:.ia syaten 3000 gallons of water a day ie supplied to tie 
by 1,000 feet of 2 inch pi,e. 




At Mammoth care Ift, IOC ffa*t of 1 o was Installed 

tc supply water to the ner.- tcmfart station and launtTr; ui it. Ina 
Ing (8 toiIet3) was installed ir the toafort station, tuid the laundry will 
be equipped eoon. V.ntor ■ all] bt L, b] alactriolty. Si tble 

laundry tubs «ill be inetr.lled. 

At Canyon c- gprouafta, ■ saw water system 13 being installed, 

dree hugs 'ydraulic engines will lif»? water 180 feet to a 24,000 
gallon concrete reservoir, and will be distributed to the camp through 
3400 lineal feet of 4 inch I .ai e §a4 ?everol hunlrod feet 

of &§ laterals* T\ro of the hy c rams will ^ at once with 

a capacity of 34*000 gftllOM a dny. '-<ater will be takes from C a scnd© 
Creek in which a dem 34 foet lor,;- and has been built for 

dinerpion of ,-rtar. Four comfort itatloaa haye t J will be 

equi ' if re aaxt season. 

At Old faithful ca grounds, the water an last year 

ved inadequate and lalfl spring the 1 vrater ..-ains were re- 

moved and 5,500 feet of 4 inch G.I. I I MM I ir place. 

Also the two comfort stations wei . ftjMl contain 20 

t L.<j"^: BBi 4 wash ba.iirs. 

y aafllaoa Jaaatioa taaplag grounds, aa ther larga raa ana 
cleared of brush and tne water syntax e. I by layi^ 1000 

ft. of 1 inch pipe. Four toilets wore built there. 

At the two olle post Jr:s<Je the .ark's esat line, a aaall oaop 
ground was developed by a dam in a littla stroaia lTortl.*' voter 
through 1000 feot of l' Ipe to a fair canp area. I 
1 t lied. 


e,-.d at ttasatoth, beau quart era, the w- 

ll oxeellenc condition. A new water syntem wan Installed to Irri- 
gate- t':e 1mm 

■'.osqulto Co-.,.- : : , •, . .-. and Can? 

■■MM f*&S* .o ultu c ntrol erne u •- o ; ;-i , lift p 4 
o -v-cAr.lly at Lake, / hero to eTll -.wis largely 

elinlated. £.ia • rk will be pushed vi . l . 1 t\ 

Landscape Sr.;-ino ri cities 

fro lam! re « ri.'l'cs:' nde two trips to the perk and peaesd 
on si tor- for IN h H f -r or etr I of nil 1 , 

location of telephone linen, oto. ^;e* '„ > ,c « I ;-!: ne i-c- 
ooapllshed. rhe old ranker otntlona st Old I 

t oir a^^irten; Lags, aore raised and the prer.Tl.noa clo- nod up. 

fl&tel . Lnee p. rve Hssmoth and fron Fir i 6 

•:■ , Tell v - : j 8 wars rebuilt • o fire I . rlTer ■ I ■> staia wit ■, 
end out of t c tpen Bfaae r-idexi -o alcaalng up waa done about 

the . otola, cn^, etoros, garbage duape, etc* 

ctloa '.- 
s dep<- t Is under the leadership of the Chief Ranger and 

it ■ tr rk was raoet antly ace rl t»ie year. til 

Juno lit. roe consisted of t o C af -rk flan sr, 5 Asoletr 

■f lejacer a d Sfi .ark In igaia On June J - ore oare sdded to 


the force 46 temporary rangers. 

Winter Activities; During the winter months regular and are cial 
patrols were rade for the purpose of cane protection and observation. 
Special efforts v;ere made to obtain accurate esti^tea of the number 
of wild animals of the various species inhabiting the park. Road 
patrols during the spring months to drain snow water off the surface 
and prevent vnashouts '.-rare made as usual. 

Burner Activities; taring the cummer the work of the ranger 
force WB3 jTreetly expanded. Jftie 77ork of c for visitors in- 

creases in proportion to park travel, and the force has been busy 
cheekier traffic at park gateways, protoe - ot spring and geyser 

focaations, guiding visitors, rendering information service, lecturing 
patrolling roads by motorcycle, etc. In addition to tliese duties the 
regular work of fire flgfrtlnfl and prevention, cere of wild life, 
etc., was carried on. 

Forcoi; r'lre^: riiere e er t but - _'ir^a in the park, 

and none of the^e caused an. I jus da -> /e. rhe ust threats ing 

fire was in the Deep Creek region but uici:ly 

trol by rangers, 

Trail 1'iaintenatjce and Impr \ - : e have at pre 310 

miles of trails in the Yellowstone Park. Approximately 20 miles of 
new trail was built. In addition I Mm abjve tho re- fining 790 
miles was cleared of timber and repaired. Is has not 

been as extensive as had been h'ped due to labor shortage, but son* 



very fino trail building was acce lished, notably tlio construction 
of the new Sepuloher Mountain Trail and a connection between t is 
trail and the Show Pass Qr*ll« Dtarlfi g the canine auturm a now trail 
via Lava Creek, Storm Fed:, etc., fron IJornotli to Canyon will bo built. 
Hh9 Boward Eaton frail ras formally dedicated on July 19th, 19 

Fish Planting: All records were broken this year for the col- 
lection of ec.r.s of black spotted trout at Fish Late and In the 
tributaries of Lake *ellowstoue. Likewise, all records were broken 
for the number of eyed tgga and fry planted in the park and the 
number of fry hatched in the L ke Yellowstone hatchery. Hie success 
of this year's fish cultural work ie to be attributed lar/ely to :ir. 
C. F. &. liar, District Supervisor of the U. 3. 3ureau of Fisheries, 
but •*; also received splendid coo jaretlon fron the Fish and Cons 
Ccer.dasior. of the State of Montana, Tho Commission gave uc the 
flBJpurll :'v ■ntloasA In the table below and also loan?d a truck and 
many cans for use In fish planting. 

mmm iq 21 j..z^ _..\ 

Ibtal collection of black sotted 

trout e .;• -e from park waters 5,996,000 1C,7L1,20 31, 570, 000 

Honber of e collected in park, 
hatcluu aud returned tc park 
waters or planted as eyed er-c 2,071,000 7,370,000 IE, 795, 000 

Ibtal numbe r r.y.Y . 'irk 

Black spotted truut collected in 

park :, ,000 7,3? ,b00 12,795,000 

Black spotted trout received 

from Montana Btate Hatchery 16.000 1.'. . „ ■ 

"» . ,■ '■ . ' 





ivQ mi na 

Sastern Broc' out- 

side hatcheries. 32,000 116,000 1 , • 

Rainbow fro I , * from 

:bate B -y 80,000 120,000 100,000 

Grayling r-c- I ve : fiom Ifontana 

otate fcfcfthsry 1.000.000 — — 

Jbtal 1*1 3n Plants for year 4,050,000 , , 12,9jIj,000 

Buffalo Ranch Opo^Miions 
At tho Buffalo Ranch the principal luprovunent to bo naei.tloned 
was the com. lotion of tho decring and plOVJU | j. r 2- acres of land 
02 the south side of tho Laaar River in the Amethyst Creek watershed. 
Apprcoi-^tely 190 ■ I and was tovod vd th o'.ts and this 

crop wvb >; rn "''■- for hi. - &M tm* V^ffalo hwi wJ ..jnbered 

578 rt rac wri tten now n cc 

• ]REit report :">fi (:f'v rn. 

Or. " . - BS,198t, the toftia -ord was released fron be 

F of; reefli ■• - 
iMIilUii of M ' m It kbw Fall, wara tak»n from 1 

rao- -nd fed in the corrals. Biero were 41 iralrs and 08 fenals 

. 2 DilM were ca 1. On Fobraary 20*. VM *sre 

aod into M*. Aba t e herd was taken to 

the oo >th oide of tho L«M1 sjrf led V-ero ur.til March IQt 
tons of hm *«re fed Lc th I Lo dvv\ *•»• » ■**• * 

I • and I hull. .pod f< I 

4 bulls the* wero is ■»«**■ ieatxoytft, l««« «** 1 

sav d. 

Kay Ranch Operations 
The toll wiug table shows the hay fed at the /.a ark during the pas; winter and the appro/.i ate an .unt put 
this season. As the greater part of thia year's hay hae not boon in 
the stack lemg enough to 'leaoure it is not >ossiblo to :ive accu 

tanui tt ont. 

On Hand Fed Winter L ft Spring Available I'ut a] 

Fall 1022 19r;2~102C 1023 Fall 1023 !&&;* 


Buffalo Ranch 






Slour^h Creek 






















ory Ani .la 

During the year 229 predatory animals ore killed, ::21 c 
and 8 wolvos. 

natural Features of the ark 

The park naturalist and the rangers :aede o. ua of the 

wild-life cor.diti .s, :-8, forests, flovrere, etc., and the 

following Urfttrmtlon regarding the natural feature* o: i« 

based or. those observations ; 

Qejy. G Li ■:: TSte pa«t be compered •• •xoe 

fror. the standpoint of park game. Drov .ne 1 

forage on the principal winter ranges, but ;he wl. tor .ma of ml a 
nature that but few animals were forced down, and our loss among 
all animals did not run >vor two per cant. 

Buffalo. 'Sk.lq lierd: The condition of the herd of so-c«llod tane 
buffrao is covered in the paragraph relative to the Buff-lc Ranch. 
Sixteen fine bulls of this herd ere kept at Manmotb ft>t 8pri a during 
the 3ui3;ier season. 

Buffclo, -.Lid Herd'. Carefjl counts and observations relative to 
the winter range conditions of the wild abuffalo were ade during the 
winter. A total of 76 were counted on the Pelican Creek and LetmT 
River Ranges. This is an increase of 66# in the last 15 years. S: 
mates nade of this herd the last few years have been too > 

^fountain Sheep : According to counts made by rangers last vial 
we are able to account for 233 of these animals. As re^re: oi.ts 
the nunber actually seen, \/e no doubt have nore than 300 In the park. 

Anteloi^e : IVo rangers -..ere detailed to the sole duty of observ- 
ing and protecting the antelope the past winter. After deducting the 
loss of 5 head, v*e had a not increase of 35, or lfljt. e have ZI 
the herd not counting tliis season's incraate. 

!oose : :!oose are scattered in nearly evory section of the perk. 

1|» have ;ade no effort to get a special count of then. Ho /ever, *• 

shall attempt this the comin;- inter, rhe State of Wyoming n^ain leeucrf 

50 pemits to kill moose, and several raore of OU* ark aninale i 
lost by b«lng shot in the Upper Yellow-tone an they pass 




Poor: Only ten white-tailo deer tow seen in the 
the winter. Mule Jeer ere ising rapidly, and hare boen aeen in 

several soctions of the park whore they love net b on known before. 
1,000 is a conservative esti a te of the number now in the park. 

Elk: According to Careful counts made during the yeer re have 
a total of 14,502 elk in the so-called northern herd of oik. ttiis 
represents the number actually seen. Our lose from all causes did not 
total l£> A herd of 12 was inclosed near the buffalo corral at '.laic 
for the benefit of ark visitors. 

Black Bears : Black and Brown bears have boen numorvjus in all 
perts of the park* Appr^xi ..tely 20 cubs have boen seen duri 
summer just ;jas-t, which indicates to same dorree the rato of increase. 

Grizzly Boars: £he grizzlies are aeldrim aeen except late in the 
evening or early in the norning, and then only near garbage dump*. 
As many as 16 were seen %i the Canyon at one tine, and several 
Faithful and Lake. At lea^t three cubs have b ou seen. 

B-'-vct: Beuvor are increasing rapidly, an extendi :r rang* 

to all sections of the park. 

Babbits and Other Small Antral a; All our saialler anlala are In- 
creasing rapidly. Some of the r dents, e pecially the Xsnnloott 
Ground oquirrel, are getting to be a dl.tirct nulo^.ce, and sons 
measures may eventually have to bo tnl en for t?.olr control. 


r'ir-uo : is as uaual arid wore presen* 

the ^ark for nb o sane periods In Cnno of each specie as last 


■giees: Jho forests of the pari: u ly ins;.ected by 

Forest Kntonologist J. C. LVsnden, of tha U. S. Bureau of JCntcooiogy, 
on three occasi 090 • I-fe found all of the foro. cs in noroal, hee. 
conditions except the r.rees of spruce and Douglas fir alon;: the lower 
Yellowstone and tributaries, v;hich have b en under attuck by a de- 
foliator for about t!:reo years. Dr. ^venden's lnrestJ ti am here 
and at his Bureau's laboratory disci- drfoliotor to be a 

special qprttOo tadvora anc. he hsr aeclrod that uir foieet* of spruce 
and fir are likely to suffer very great da age bef to th*» epidetolo 
runs its course. Unfortunately, no to the iresent tj a no means of 
conbntin". this defoliator has b^en disc v rod. 

Flow rs ^ A late, cool a.n. n -o be very 

favorable for TegettfLon in general. Bm tprln j flower* were delayed 
until well Into the earlier «rt of the let seaeo . 2ne rain* 

were especially gpod far , I ring t-jood >osture ar.d 

abundant hay for the animals, 

A useful add' fclon to the park Liter eeaaor. is a new 

book publ\ h»l by few* Phot - . -'rees ani 

of Yellowstone I ■ I ml Pttk", writ ton by x^ark llaturrliat Frank I 

Geysers and .rings 

At Liouiaoth Hot Spring' flow uvor the fomtlona hna b- en 

more abundant this season than u.:ual. A slump of unconsolidated 
travertine occurred on the face of Jupit r 'lerrMce on July 4, but 
the da need portion is now undergoing natural upbuilding egain. 

At Norris Geysor Basin a certain aiaount of i..cre>sed activity 
was noted in two of the iwols of the Hurricane group, oeni -Centennial 
Geyser continues inactive. 

At Lo-.ver Geyser Basin activities were norial. 

At Upper Geyser Basin activities ,vere nornal. Old Faithful 
maintained an average interval between eruptions of 65 minutes t rough- 
out the season, de Giantess played Phe .several snail now 
geysers continued active. A vent fomerly : larked "Indicator* 1 , ne 
Grotto Geyser, had at least two eruptions. 

At -est ftiunb activities nere nor al. 

Infornation Depart 

Info n.ia tio^i Of f i ce : 83,822 people vi.jited the information office 
at headquarters duri:.(- the mm or; 2,291 in June, 14, in July, 

14,049 in August and 2,890 in Septonber. Compare the t -tal of 
83,822 with 30,^9 vi - to the i tion office in 19:22 and 

24,443 in 1921. 

Lee t- re Service: Three lectures were delivered each ove in£ at 
Mwnoth by ?erk Ranger . J. Cribbs, before a»;dier.coo totalling 
approxi lately 75,000. Daring the season a lecture series waa inltlatod 
at Old Fai | oboul , ^se lectures. 


Gui>.w --- .view: .^ed a t Ma»eoth, and 

two at Old Iblthfal, seen as i . ducting two Arties a day over the 
forraitions. 1.%1M0 visitor i-d oyer the fonaatloa at 

:,:ai33oth Hot Springs, and 29,831 over the Upper Geyser Baain f 
:iakir:2 a total of 4I,9G1. 

■■■-. ■ A number of notable additions vara made to the nueeuai 
this season. A mount of two pray vwlvos, and one of a uountnir. aheap 
were .resented by the t ranger force. Hie s ib wa r e 

obtained and all oz:»nses borne by the rangers. A isount of a 

tm was donated by Hal Ci # iivarta. fwo additional nuoeum oaeee ware 
I— tall art, 0JM filled with Leal ape \& rind the other with 

three exhibits, A number of fino gone skul , Le res, and framed 
maps were obtain od and hung* 

Vlsiti;*' ->cic-.'.i; : ■ ts: Spool al attention was j scien- 

tists and r.te, und eaob f-.cilitios as were available, 

with t: ..onal Mrwloaa of I relict 

irer, were placed Lr eal« Profea or . . Harvey, 

of of Minnesota | worked on the al.-ae of llaor&th Hot 

Springs, and Doctors J". C. Iferriam and A. L« Day, of tie Cnrnegla 
Institution reli inary surveys for pj -lessee in 

botany and geology f* ty of Chicago and Karlhan College 

spent several week3 in tho pal . "• s\mrjer unlr 

is re~ar ed as ■ good poaalbilit t is ba -ively jwahed 

/Tofesnor Llarvoy and ?ark Naturalist 



Electrical Do per t:\ent 

S I ec trie yj ^ The following table Bhowe the total production 

of the ant, dis K>sition of current, revenues, etc., aa co»» 

Yired ith 3ir;iler ^ate for the fiecal year 1922. 16 now otroot 

U '.:ta. 

The peak load for the year was 124 kilowatts. 

I -L2 1 918 

Total production in kilowatt hours 221,340 3i 

Sold to park utilities 31,023.4 39,569.41 

Consuied by Gov rn ent buil i for 

povfer, lighting streets and build- 
ings, lose on lino:;, etc. ,002.2 261,597.16 

Total revenue frora sale of electric 

c rront during year, at 5# per KTiR 1,551.17 1,978.41 

Telephone System : Inc ut'ing new lines, 28L milec of tolejh ne 
lines W9X9 Maintained throughout the season. How grounded lines built 
were: 8 \l\er from Lower Slouch Creek Ranch to Silvertip Re 
at park line: 4 :-»iles from Yanceys to Jiellroarin^: C miles 

from Soda But to Sno>7shoe Cabin to Cooke City Ran^r Station, at 
Northeast corner. A phantom circuit has been ;-.dded to the existing 
Dines between Mannoth and IJorris and a new metallic circuit built 
from IJorris to Canyon. The tele hone line between Oordlner and Ua- 
was transferred to coder oles of the hotel line, while c<*dar ;olea 
were purchasod and re now being set between Fountain I D and 


Telogreph and Tele. hone 





Cover j Z ,044 

Govern. .-oat ieceivod 578 Corsiorclal Ree'd 

Totnl c;;lle on Government Svitthboari L.197 

ehanicnl Depart *ont 

!he nechanical depart .<_•.. t a: at ined 17 tr^cka and autorjobilee, 
a steam e cine, a caterpillar online, 1 I toaia roller, M pressors, 
punps, etc., repaired road r-iachinery Including du | agons, gradere, 
3 gravel loaders, Ars -s, road tools, firo tools, etc. It alao a hod 
between MMB and sight hundred horsss« 

c r m ter did piscellaneous ;tork in the quartora at liaan , 
conpleted a second now set of .-uartore in the old guardhouse at the 
south and of the old "Officers Row", did goi.oral repair «rork to 
quarters, built truck bodies, built toilet structures for auto caops, 
ijade si^n boardc, etc. 

A ■sxtnoi of 7 nen and a minirnun of 5 rare smployod I 

Property and .transportation 

Under the direction of thS te-.-ord and master of transpor lotion 
1878,5 tons of natsrislj equiprrjent and supplies \iere moved fron rail- 
road tezr.:inals to headquarters, Frou bond a 11 t^-ucke wars 
operated through the park, supply! »» cor . trustloa canpa, 
etc. The total iiileage of the trucks was ap; *ely 50,000. 
A TTwrirrtwm of 15 nen were e In the warehouse and in trans- 
portation work. 


Painting Departinent 
2h.e Master fainter ami hi m ted moat of the 

wooden builuinss of Fort Yellowstone. ±ne erten^r walls of sc 
of the lar^r buildings were ptlBtad, lncludl / ths »t Chapel and 

Power ?lant nt headquarters. In the ;jork the Lake litati ;n a .d eeveral 

road Mag buildings Tore stal ed inside arid out. L»eny tr^c a and 

iracpiia, includlnr. the o rinkl^r ..»i , were al'.teJ a::d mrnlehed. 

About 500 wooden si-?;s were ;ade and /tainted. All bl Loo and 

re o • station vore re/air. tod. 

r^ve onts by Pub He Utilities rod 
Individual Ope. 

Y ei j .i; >L ,.o ".i-'i. . ^jU-.-_l Co n 'any: 

jir.oth Hotel: Installed lavatories In $0 rooxis In the a 
building} added two new bathrooms; c) • ouffet In 

lobby; aqplpped dining room witn a tire new silver sei-vioe. 

old Psltkful Inn: Coli> . •- new girls' 

laundry, ■ <re-roo:n f •:■ trunks; tnird boiler Installed, and ;xat 

in operation in engine room; installed new preuaure punp and new 

;.»ater heater; put eld Lake Lobby . 

Lake xkjiel: Oct d new wj. r.\ Inatallad i.ou jjo y f re; 

built :. re luce nlth ; u »»ddltioB 

to e gin* room and lau rewire *a •« el-ctrle li*ht 

flxturoo in 153 rooms of the old L l\ started nee 1r^' dormitory 




Canyon: Repaired roof of lunge damaged by fire, jw 

silver serv ce installed in dining ro 

Telephone Line: 15 miles new te • line bui n Liadieon 

Junction to \.'est Yellowstone; moved 1 miles 4-wire telephone lina 
from I^uamoth Camp to hills back of Uazmoth; two miles of 8 new wires 
strung on line from Firehole C a scades to Madison Junction. 
Yello-vatone x-y rk Ca.:?s Co: a jany: 

Mar/moth Camp: Constructod a magnificent central building, iiore 
than 300 feet long and 150 feet .vide. The ain floor of this 
building is oeeupled by the lobhi B, | neral of rices, dining room 
and kitchens. The dining room and kitchens. Phe dii.i: • r on -.fill 
seat five hundred guests. Dorn3t- irs is a recreational .'.all rrl th stage. 
Hall has a seating capacity of one thousanu !o, and a har^ wood fl 

for dancing. The company el so c nstracted and furnl.'ed forty new 
cottages at --la moth. 

014 Faithful Campi Sixty new cottages constructed I hed: 

Also new dor for employees i 

Lake and Canyon Camps: Fif Ith c 

a .r-:cuod and furnished, 

Ca-;p Roosovelt: Tm^nty-flve nev. od. 

At all the campa install- 1 Ion of jJom appliances and eq 
raent continued. Near the Floh: •< 'it the Lake outlet a 

delicatessen tont 20 ft. x 40 ft. was constructed In the public 
automobile camp. This delicatessen served prepared oooked foods 

such as soups, roasts, stews, h ot bice Lta, nffl ■, ios, enkea: 

also supplied i lj Ik, 

YcHov/MUme rp.rk xVms, ortation C . j 

ftrrchased 20 new 11 3; 2 now 25 passenger errs; 

1 tvro-ton track; G 11 paane nger cars and 9 touring cars from Yosenl to 
Ilatio^nl Park Company; two Ford roadeto~3 for use of i:.3poctora. 

Marmoth: Correlated 32 roon addLtion to bunkhouse, inclu*: . 
wash-sinl:s, 3hower baths, etc. conrUoted addition to nous 

it Yellowstone: Completed reu >delin.;; of old Yellowstone 
<Y e etern iitace Conpany buiidin,s, incl din installation of plumbing, 
electric light sy3tem, and water. 

Old Faithful: Built new 12 room bunk house. 

Lake: Conpleted new 12 room bunkh-u.-e, new mess-house, and 
new wash house. 

Canyon: Conpleted remodeling of old trans^ rtotion building for 
drivers' bunkhouse. '-".or!: will be started shortly on new repair shop 
and storage garage. 

Yellov73tone J ark Boat Corar>any : ^his company made no Improve cnta. 
Its f;onc i. 1 irod February 6, 1923, and a one year permit wna 
granted for y-ar. Ita franc iae ah >uld not bo ronowed until it 
financially reorganizes and obtai:- oqd.ment ■ oral boating 

busire. . 

J, i:. , . ( •■;■■.: ograaho: : I ' rator c nducted 10 

aalec eotabll.-.hementa thr t the Yellowstone, ftje 42 foot add! 



to the Mammoth Shop was I .tod before the season opened, as warn 

tho cor.; Into rebanishing and re reeling of the shop at Upper Bar" 
A closed body automobile dtlft room was added to hit equipment . 
Nearly five hundred ner:- tives, including iiany wile! flower studios 
were adilod to hi 3 collection; and several fcl d feet of motl I 

/ictures were taker, by hi >. *ho book on trees an! flowers by Frank 
!■ A. done, >ark naturalist, was published In advene* of the 
of the season, as ere ne\7 editions of Lan^Tord'e "Discover of 
Yellowstone 1 ark-ie70 n and the " .• r. , two ^a of the 

latter being necessary, lb la berinning the construed a new 

liursj shop and finishing plant at Grand Canyon, and will o.en a 
shop In Lake Hotel next year, nakin.; II shops in the 3 xiin. 
Geo ' ye :jitt* <_;•., ■ ".-chant: In tailed refrlgerat :•:> u.ii odern fresh 
meat display counters in Maramoth store; also installed lush tol 
In corc' v )rt station at Cany -n ntoro. 

C. A. Hani i ton, M^rciiant: Completed furnis; lug of Lak< r>; and 

erected T^all groo 15 t >ro in the Id :1 auto c;v . . la r. w bo- 

ginnlnr, co struction Bf no- wing on I Id F ft i t: fttl t rt .annlng 

ner est Thumb -tore. 

Henry ?« Brothers Srectad Log re* Ideas* neur 
F n ithful and expects to enlarre ewi i» autuaou 

Tv | is and i'emita 

The followl .1 list of cor ^rations) and individuals to whom 

lo 08 cov 1 the operr I f public utilities 

tho park hare boon gr 

■a' --■■ 

_ : ^L 


Of Or, t,n ct 

Data of 


Yellowstone Park Hotel Co. Ebtelb, neva r , Jan. , ft c. 31,1941 

laundries, etc. 

Yellow . 'Co, 

Ycllcvrtone Park 
oortoji a Company 

J. B, Heynoe 

C. A. Hantlton 

Goo. »';hit taker 

'er .-, 

, es, etc " 

tation li:.e, sale of 
gasoline, oil, i 
other autonobila sup- 
; \leo and . o sor- 
Wi oo. 



Phot ha, photo- 

graphic a * t 

guide books, etc. , 

re at 
'Sorter Falls. Jan. 1, 

General store, gaso- 
line, oil, e o. ot 

p Geyser B'isin, 
Yellofrst -ne Lake and 
•est r--rab of the Lake Jan.l, 1923 

ral :" tore, ;nso- 
lir.£, ri 1 , c c. ft 
Mam oth Hot Springs and 

>r . Jai..?, 1' 





inss Pryor & 

HMvy ■ . Barot 

o sho p , 1 ce ( 

Jan l f 1917 ■ 31, 192<^-.ool bntbe 

at Upper reyser Basin. July 1, 1914 I 30, 


:t Item P raits: In addition to the above long term 

permits the follow!.-.-* abort term ;> rmita .wore grinted: 

13 penaiis 6 jet calling parties t. . :.u ark 

IM&&6 aaddla .;. jack out its. 

4 permits to one>-Rte , . ce be- 


5 pernits to opei-nte novinfc . raa in .rk. 
1 year poriit to the Yello.v: to; o i-'urk float Company. 

1 two-year permit to Dr. «. . '."oife, to .-l-uctice .a. 

Department of • . . . 

Col issi over's Court 
Hon. John ?•'. liel ra\ t aoaniaaloner since 1884, ft I . ... . ver 

HmsM NSV taaaa to be triad* i:ri..' r the fM0r a L7 M0M -. ere trial l|| 
the Ceaadaaloaer* Enere were 15 felon* and 2 acquittnla. A total 

of v*72t»,00 in fines was imposed on A ints found guilt. . I i3 amount 

is exclusive of costs. Hiere are 12 cases of violation of the refla- 
tions against apaad* 1 case of diaorderly conduct, 1 aaaa felony, 
1 violation prohibition laws (*i ch five defendants), ca-*e of 

it Of f ice Dapertnant 
'Ihe huDiness of the post if flea shows an increase in . ion 

to Lnaraaaed travel to the park. 

During the unofficial visit of Fir-it Assistant i at aster General 
John Ji. Bartlett to the park July 10 to 12, his attention was Invited 
to r.V"- fa ft re hsrr? but one post offlaa i:- tba park, and that 

'ere thouoands of priw-.te sa m p s r s thon in the ijark who had no 


way of having their mall forwarded from on© point to another while 
they were akiug the tour. He authorized the eatablisLl f city 

carrier service i . < llatal* to tali ■ of this neod, and the 

latter port of July two r >utes were catabli.hed, nu :! ur onm running 
daily from the post office via liorrle to Canyon and Lake Outlet, re- 
turnl:. ?e a week via ifo-. er Junction; and nunLor tw> dally fro::. 

pcct office to Fountain and Upper Geyser Basin and return. 

Department of the Interior 

General Land ^f'ice: Cancelled a. plication* for reservoir 
ease-*?: ts on Skina Matilda ?\nd Two Ocean La the pr :*o4 exten- 

sion. Cooperated in matters relr. . :> townsite of West Yello rstone 

Geological -•-. .• _. : Water Resources Branch. Continued its 
observation and inspection of - statio s on .ark atrea a. Ho 

T'.e-; -i ','gs installed this j«Dr« 

Department of Coa^erca 

Coast and Geodetic survey ; In cooperation with the U. 8« Geo- 
logical Survey and the National ark service thia bureau ran pre 
lerfel linos fron: Livingston to the oark, :o around the loop road 

syotem, thence to Cody, thence to .or n, thence to feat Yellowstone 
and on to Id ho JF a lla. This, for the flrat time, the altitudoe 
of park features have been accurately determined. Caot. Edward 
."orton, of the U. S. Coe-t end Geodetic . , was in 


Bureau of Fisheries; In coo;^ration ..dth the National J'ark 
Service br ke all a for tr^ut agg collection in the ;jark. 



collected 31,570,000 t&\ of which G,b48,000 were . ! as 

eyed e.y-s and 6,247,000 as fry. Shipped to Glacl- t ark and 
elsewhere 10,505,000 eggs. Conmisalorior I«nry G'Mslley, head of 
the bureau, vial tod the ;ark Juno 11-20. District Jupori visor C. 7, 
Culler x^rsonally directed f ishcultural work here this year, and 
the splendid results are to be credited to Mr. Culler*3 abi2: , 
efficiency and enthusiasm. 

Depart: tent of Agriculture 

Weather Bureau : The work of the bureau was continued under 
Observer S. E. Fletcher. The of .ice -vas inspected by the Secretary 
of A^rrl culture on June 50th, and by Dr. B, J. Cox, of the Chicago 
headquarters on July 15th. 

Bureau of Anirial Industry: ©lis bureau supplied vaccine and 
Instrument.':, for vacci rating buffalo k heme: o so tlcercia 

but fortunately they nere not needed this yoar. 

Bureau of I^ntopolo^y: Detailed Dr. J. C. livonden, Forest 
iinto r riOlo.'Tl3t, to study forest con'.itions. Dr. live--. 'on "*de tliree 
trips to the «rk and ,'Tive special attention to tho opruce buJw n 
ir.fertntion Bear the . \ udnary ir. I ellroari region. 

treasury Depart 

>ublic lien 1 t)i Jervico: Cont nued Its coo orative work, Itr* 
TU B. Honraon in general char ~e. surveyed lir.ea for lake Sewer 
System, desi/yied system and ordered materials; also directed noequ'. to 
control work; analysed water and ted ki ' 

and etc. A. P. Jliilor in dirett char : -o here. Dr. J. . , ;fe 
appointed acting assists: c surgeon in December, 1«2, and lo c , 
with York of inspecting hotels, cq ...s, etc., aiialyning waters and nilk t 
and fW»r«X c re of health of cownunity. Asai^, <jon Gonorr 1 

Vi. ? # Draper t<as here in July. 

Opening of the Park 
■n June 20th, 19*3, t v ;e park w»s • ned by appropriate 

ceremonies at the north entrance arch at Gerdtier. Dr. J:hn .esley 
13.11, President of Lincoln HMOrlal Un'v , represe -resident 

Kerdir ■ an the 3 ac ra< Interim, . , . . jred 

the principal adt'recs. Ir this speech. Dr. Kill pleaded for corrplote 
and perr>etual preservation cf the national arka fron all tonic 
•earaercial exploitation. His address will renaln for all tin* a 
erfal protective Inst destruction or nodi fiction of 

natioral ierlc ideal** 

Visit of the President of the U. -. 
linroute to Alaska, Presl , r jra. Herding, the -^cix 

cf the Interior, H~n. Hubert fork, the ~ ? cret?ry of ... "*, 
Hon. Henry C. allsce, the - r of the Ho> a of ' ':ntativos, 

Hon. Fredrick H. Gillott, Admiral Ihj^h Rodram, U. . ., ■ -bout 
seventy otlier official a and news corros -endenta, visited the 

jpejJk,eaendin/» two days hire. The 1-TeM 4 dents npocial train arrived 


at Gardi: e at 6 A. i: m Saturday, Juno 30th, and loft July 1st at 
7 P.M. 

Thla distinguished oarty cverod tl* r «in loop road sy.tten in 
the two days at their dis osal. Aftor breakfast at Hanaoth Jfetel 
the :»rty inspected the terracee end the el- , buffalo and wolves at 
the Hiffalo Corral, then orocoedod to Old Faithful, ntu i at 
Norris Geyner Ba3in, Hunotfl Paint . /to and Exceluior Gey? or. Luncheon 
was hod at Old Faithful Inn and the night there. Durl 

afternoon the yarty oaw Old F a ithful, Rivernide, .o and Grand 

Geysers in o: -otion. Leavi;.;: uid Faithful at 9 LJL July 1st, t e 
party crossed the Conti ontal Jiv'de, »i . an h ur at i-ako Yellow- 

stone near the fish hatc v .ery, v;heru tho - J rooicont fad sorie bears, and 
reached Grand Canyon for luncheon. In the afternoon, ri:-a of 
the Grand C a nyon we e covered, and tho return to -a . joth and Gardiner 
Tia Dunraven i-^ass com.leted the trip. -The .resident saw buff io, elk, 
antelope, deer and bear and any smaller enii.^als. The noather was cleur 

benutif 1 and not hi . ; occ rred to delay the jarty or :«r the 

plerisitre and c 'fort of the trip. 

Howard Eaton Irail 

On the afternoon of July 19th t o Upward iVa 1 wee dedi- 

cated by appropriate cerenonioa held at She e praters Cliffs on the l^iver, r.even r.iles south of a. - '■ a, where 

Iio-ard i-a'-on nade hi3 first ca-s.s in • .->■./. re were 

between four and fire hundred people resent at the cerenonieo and 



If them one hundred an tan nonbers of tha Brooklyn Tea, I ' 
Association. Members of the Eaton f a . : ly were pre«e::t. At tha 
beginning of the cere.-unies a Large icture of iioward Eaton on hla 
favorite ra unt vma unveiled. Cere- ionics att«- the dedication 

were aided by the Shrine Patrol from Llv a and a delegation of 

■embers of tre Order of Slks, Howar: -a Shriner and an 


At the conclusion of addresses by Col. Henry Hall, Director 
Stephen T. ?!ather, Congressman Chas. K. ..inter, of V/y eating, and two 
members of the Brooklyn Teachers* Association _>arty, Dr. Alexander 
Lyon and Dr. . lb. rt, a tree was planted in the :J.dat of Howard 
baton's camp by hia br thers, Alden rind ., assi.tod by Dad 
Rinehart, son of Mrs. -iary Rob rts Rinehnrt. <hen this cereuony 
was over a trail party lead by Chief Ranker "'ood: . .arted on tha 

Howard 2at,on Trail. A beautiful black horse in tho fcrala waa ri 
less, anble-iacical of the loss of Howard .ason. 

Gifts to the Park 

Director blather contributed "250 for purchase of equipment for 
the Chapel and to aid in r.ocurlng vi iting clergymen for serv'Cea in 
the Ghapol. Mr. C. V.'. Famham, of St. a:l, tare a first edition of 
Lord Dunraven's book, fc/ne Great Divide" to the library and several 
li^e geological speci -.-.ens to the ,-.uaeua. Mr. Hal G. Svarts rave to 
the nuaeum a very valuable mounted o ■■• . of w . The 

permanent ranger force go™ tb * museum fine mounted apecir.ena of 
ti iber wolves and it ram. 


Vital co 

Diore were 3 births and 3 deaths in the park the year. 

Medical Bi 
Dr. J. Itoek Tfolfe, conducted .il services in the ,-e.rk 

taring the year and rep rts that he c^r ; ■ dses duri 

\3t and .lace 349 calls. 

School opened Septeiior 11, 1922, and cloeed May 18, 1983. Ciere 
was an averago enrollment of 19 pupils, II >j ye and 8 side; number of 
clrBsos 4; Teacher, Hrs« Laurie K. Hurl Jtt. Pho school was Main- 
tained by contributions of parente and park aaployeos. 

Religious services 
Servicos v;ere held in the Chapel at lens- twico a;ic 
or four tines every Sunday >;.irin^ th touri. t aeason, and ■faery second 
Sunday during the balance of the year. They were usually ted 

by Episcopal or inrlit .eran mini I f r n Livingston, . na, 

or by Ronan C:^holic psle ts traveling thr :gh the nark, but other 
denominations were represented occasionally, whe;. ters were 

available. Recon/ie negations 

1. Tl.Cv il-e irk be oxt ended to include the Hit m , head- 
waters of the Yellowstone and country naturally belonging to the 

2. rhat all irri ration and other projects that would reoult In 
exploitation of the park be c-^ndemed -nd killed no tfaay wr« proposal. 



3. • and h Ja be provided to widen, lr. 

. - o, and surface improved but heavily traveled roads; also to 
finish the yiraholo Cut-off, ana bui] t Fountain Geyier 

•d and the Bochler River Road, and rebuild thB 1/ake sh.»ro rood be- 
tween Arnica Creek and BrU'ce Bey. 

4. Ihat fuuus be a to continue sanitation vurk, to build a 
ae»«. •• '.id Canyon and do r oxto : lv? Lto toatrol 

5. That ;he hospital be reo ed and butter a L, :iaklog 
.si bio raar co.i iote and effective d and . ^al aervice, 

3. Batt :ife fund.* be provided for upkeep of road.-., trails, tela pi 
linen and ot r 1 r f -y.t3: for the ranger sorvico; for the Buffalo 
snd ot<v\r ranches; and for v niblic csnplnp /^rounds. 


<, J l j XL w . , ? . 

Prepared ,11